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ʻOihana kemika ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa

ʻO ka ʻoihana kemika honua kahi mea paʻakikī a koʻikoʻi o ka hoʻokele waiwai honua a me ka ʻoihana kaulahao lako.ʻO ka hana ʻana o nā kemika e pili ana i ka hoʻololi ʻana i nā mea maka e like me nā wahie mōʻalihaku, ka wai, nā minerala, nā metala, a pēlā aku, i mau ʻumi kaukani o nā huahana like ʻole i waena o ke ola hou e like me kā mākou i ʻike ai.I ka makahiki 2019, ʻo ka huina kālā o ka ʻoihana kemika honua ma kahi o ʻehā trillion US kālā.

He laulā ka ʻoihana kemika e like me ka wā ma mua

Nui nā ʻano huahana i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia e like me nā huahana kemika, hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia i nā ʻāpana aʻe: nā kemika kumu, nā lāʻau lapaʻau, nā mea kūikawā, nā kemika mahiʻai, a me nā huahana mea kūʻai aku.ʻO nā huahana e like me ka resins plastic, petrochemicals, a me ka synthetic rubber i hoʻokomo ʻia i loko o ka māhele kemika kumu, a ʻo nā huahana e like me nā adhesives, sealants, a me nā uhi i waena o nā huahana i hoʻokomo ʻia i ka māhele kemika kūikawā.

ʻO nā hui kemika honua a me ke kālepa: ʻo ʻEulopa mau ka mea kōkua nui

He ʻeleu a paʻakikī ke kālepa honua o nā kemika.I ka makahiki 2020, ʻo ka waiwai o nā mea hoʻokomo kemika honua he 1.86 trillion euros, a i ʻole 2.15 trillion US kālā.Eia nō naʻe, ʻoi aku ka nui o nā mea hoʻoiho kemika i ka waiwai o 1.78 trillion euros i kēlā makahiki.ʻO ʻEulopa ke kuleana no ka waiwai nui loa o nā mea hoʻokomo a me nā mea hoʻoiho kemika e like me 2020, me Asia-Pacific ma ka lua o nā kūlana ma nā papa ʻelua.

ʻO nā ʻoihana kemika nui ʻelima ma ka honua e pili ana i ka loaʻa kālā ma 2021 ʻo BASF, Dow, Mitsubishi Chemical Holdings, LG Chem, a me LyondellBasell Industries.Ua loaʻa i ka hui Kelemania ʻo BASF ka loaʻa kālā ma mua o 59 miliona euros ma 2020. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka nui o nā hui kemika nui ma ka honua no kahi lōʻihi o ka manawa.BASF, no ka laʻana, ua hoʻokumu ʻia ma Mannheim, Kelemānia i ka makahiki 1865. Pēlā nō, ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo Dow ma Midland, Michigan, i ka makahiki 1897.

ʻO ka hoʻohana kemika: ʻO Asia ka mea hoʻokele o ka ulu

ʻO ka hoʻohana kemika i ka honua holoʻokoʻa ma 2020 i ʻoi aku ma mua o 3.53 trillion euros, a i ʻole 4.09 trillion US kālā.ʻO ka holoʻokoʻa, manaʻo ʻia ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā kemika kūloko i ka wikiwiki loa ma Asia i nā makahiki e hiki mai ana.He kuleana nui ʻo Asia i ka mākeke kemika honua, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka 58 pakeneka o ka mākeke ma 2020, akā ʻo Kina wale nō ke kuleana no ka piʻi ʻana o ka ulu ʻana o Asia a me ka ʻai ʻana i nā kemika.I ka makahiki 2020, ua helu ʻia ka hoʻohana kemika Kina ma kahi o 1.59 trillion euros.Ua kokoke kēia waiwai i ʻehā manawa ma mua o ka ʻai ʻana i nā kemika ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i kēlā makahiki.

ʻOiai ʻo ka hana kemika a me ka hoʻohana ʻana he mea nui i ka hana honua, kālepa, a me ka ulu ʻana o ka hoʻokele waiwai, pono e noʻonoʻo ʻia nā hopena o kēia ʻoihana i ke olakino a me ke olakino kanaka.Ua hoʻokumu nā aupuni he nui a puni ka honua i nā alakaʻi a i ʻole ka ʻahaʻōlelo e hoʻoholo ai pehea e hoʻokele ai i ka lawe ʻana a me ka mālama ʻana i nā kemika weliweli.Loaʻa nā papahana hoʻokele kemika a me nā hui honua a me nā ʻoihana e mālama pono i ka nui o ka nui o nā kemika a puni ka honua.


Ka manawa hoʻouna: Nov-18-2021