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ʻO ka ʻoihana kemika ma Kina

Hoʻopuka ʻia e Lucía Fernández

ʻO nā ʻāpana pāʻoihana e pili pono ana i ka ʻoihana kemika, mai ka mahiʻai, ka hana kaʻa, ka hana metala, a me ka textiles, a hiki i ka hana mana.Ma ka hāʻawi ʻana i ka ʻoihana me nā mea maka e pono ai e hana i nā huahana i hoʻohana ʻia i nā ʻano like ʻole o ke ola o kēlā me kēia lā, ʻo ka ʻoihana kemika ke kumu nui o ka nohona hou.Ma ke ao holoʻokoʻa, hoʻopuka ka ʻoihana kemika i ka loaʻa kālā ma kahi o ʻehā trillion US kālā i kēlā me kēia makahiki.Ma kahi o 41 pakeneka o ia huina i hele mai mai Kina wale no e like me 2019. ʻAʻole wale ʻo Kina e hoʻonui i ka loaʻa kālā kiʻekiʻe loa mai ka ʻoihana kemika ma ka honua, akā he alakaʻi hoʻi ia i nā hoʻokuʻu kemika, me ka waiwai kūʻai makahiki ma luna o 70 billion US. dala.Ma ka manawa like, ʻo ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā kemika kūloko o Kina he 1.54 trillion euros (a i ʻole 1.7 trillion US kālā) e like me 2019.

Pākē kālepa kemika

Me ka ʻoi aku o 314 biliona kālā ʻAmelika o ka loaʻa kālā a ʻoi aku ma mua o 710,000 poʻe i hoʻolimalima ʻia, ʻo ka hana ʻana i nā mea kemika organik kahi mea nui o ka ʻoihana kemika o Kina.ʻO nā kinikona kemika ʻo ia hoʻi ka māhele hoʻokuʻu kemika nui loa o Kina, ʻoi aku ka nui o 75 pakeneka o nā mea hoʻoiho kemika Kina e pili ana i ka waiwai.ʻO ka huakaʻi kiʻekiʻe loa no ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana i nā kemika Kina ma 2019 ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa a me India, aʻo nā wahi nui ʻē aʻe ka hapa nui o nā ʻāina e kū mai ana.Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, ʻo Iapana a me South Korea ka mea hoʻopuka nui loa o nā kemika mai Kina, e lawe ana kēlā me kēia ma luna o 20 biliona kālā US o nā kemika ma 2019, a ukali ʻia e ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa a me Kelemānia.Ke ulu mau nei nā mea kūʻai aku mai Kina a me nā mea lawe mai i Kina i nā makahiki i hala iho nei, akā naʻe, ua ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o ka waiwai o nā mea lawe mai ma mua o ke kumu kūʻai aku, e alakaʻi ana i kahi waiwai lawe mai ma kahi o 24 biliona US kālā ma Kina e like me 2019. .

E alakaʻi ʻo Kina i ka ulu ʻana o ka ʻoihana kemika ma hope o COVID-19

I ka makahiki 2020, ua hoʻokau nui ka ʻoihana kemika honua ma muli o ka maʻi maʻi maʻi COVID-19, e like me nā ʻoihana ʻē aʻe.Ma muli o ka hoʻololi ʻana o nā mea kūʻai aku a me ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana o nā kaulahao hoʻolako, ua hōʻike ka nui o nā hui kemika honua i ka ulu ʻole o ka ulu ʻana a i ʻole ka piʻi ʻana o ka kūʻai ʻana i ʻelua mau makahiki, a ʻaʻole ʻokoʻa nā hoa Kina.Eia nō naʻe, ke piʻi nei ka wikiwiki me ka hoʻihoʻi ʻana mai COVID-19 i ka honua holoʻokoʻa, manaʻo ʻia ʻo Kina e alakaʻi i ka ulu ʻana o ka ʻoihana kemika, e like me ka wā ma mua o ka ʻoihana hana honua.

 


Ka manawa hoʻouna: Nov-18-2021